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5 things you didn’t know about watermelon


No other produce screams summer quite like watermelon. It could be its refreshing sweetness or even the burst of color that adds a bit of brightness to your plate.

Thing is, theres more to watermelon than just its flavor: It boasts some powerful health benefits, too. At 46 calories per cup, watermelon offers 20 percent of your daily intake of vitamin C and 17 percent vitamin A, according to the USDA. Thats not all.

Watermelon contains dietary fiber for digestive health as well as potassium, a mineral that helps keep blood pressure capped, says Cynthia Sass, MPH, RD, Healths contributing nutrition editor.

No wonder theres a month-long holiday dedicated to itJuly is National Watermelon Month. Here are some other fun facts to celebrate watermelons big month.

It has more lycopene than raw tomatoes

In just one cup, watermelon has 1.5 times the stuff than a large fresh tomato, 6 milligrams compared to 4 milligrams, according to the USDA. That matters because lycopene is thought to act as a super antioxidant, stopping free radicals from damaging your cells and messing with your immune system. Some research even suggests that lycopene, typically found in red fruits and vegetables, may help fight heart disease and several types of cancer.

Pro Tip

To retain the most antioxidants in this delicious superfood, store your watermelon at room temperature before slicing, Sass says.

The juice can relieve muscle soreness

A Spanish study in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry found that drinking watermelon juice can actually be quite soothing after a grueling workout. Athletes who consumed a little more than 16 ounces an hour before exercise had less muscle soreness and a lower heart rate within a day.

That may be because watermelon contains a natural substance called citrulline thats been tied to improved artery function and lower blood pressure. In fact, its ability to relax the blood vessels led Texas A&M University researchers to say watermelon has Viagra-like effects. But youll need to look beyond the pink flesh if you really want to load up on citrullineits concentrated most in the rind. If thats not your thing, you can always save it for pickling or preserving later, Sass says.

Its a fruit AND a vegetable

Talk about an overachiever.

Like most fruits, watermelon is the product of a seed-producing plant and has a signature sweet taste. But it can be traced back to the squash, pumpkin, and cucumber family known as Cucurbitaceae. Remember how you can eat the rind? The dual nature of watermelon makes it all edible, so theres no excuse to leave any part behind.

Its packed with, well, water

Now this is a food with some serious hydration power.

Watermelon is 91.5 percent water, according to the USDA. Thats a big deal seeing as how being dehydrated is bad for your health. A study published in The Journal of Nutrition found that women with even mild dehydration experienced headaches, poor concentration, fatigue, and worse moods.

Theres a yellow variety

Its hard to believe theres a watermelon thats NOT pink on the inside, but theres another variety, known as Yellow Crimson, has a sunny interior and the flesh has a sweeter, honey-like taste. Thing is, the two are nearly identical on the outside, so unless youre reading the signs at your grocery store or farmers market, it can be hard to tell which is which. If you want the regular pink watermelon, ask for a Crimson Sweet.

Just keep in mind that no one really knows what, if any, nutritional value the yellow variety offers. Most research has been done on the pink kind, Sass says, so best to stick with that or round up a good mix of both.